The Basics of Metal Recycling

Metal Recycling process

Metal recycling is crucial for a variety of reasons. Additionally, it also provides financial incentives to both producers and consumers.

Recycling metals is a great way to save on production costs and avoid wasting valuable resources like iron ore. It also conserves energy and reduces greenhouse gas emissions.


One of the priciest metals in the world is copper; it is a crucial component of electrical wiring. It is a non-ferrous metal that doesn’t contain iron and is very effective at carrying electricity.

Recycling copper is an eco-efficient way to reintroduce this metal back into the economy, using 85 to 90 percent less energy than mined copper. It also helps to keep landfill levels low and slows the depletion of natural resources.

Depending on what kind of copper is being recycled, it will undergo different processes to prepare for melting. It may include a granulator or stripping machine to separate thick cables and wires from each other and a crusher that cuts the copper into smaller pieces.

Aside from its essential role in electrical wire, copper can be used for various other products. For example, it can be made into plumbing tubes and roof sheeting. In addition, it is a primary ingredient in heat exchangers.


From beverage cans to automobile doors, aluminum is a strong, adaptable metal that is utilized in a broad variety of products. Metal recycling Byram Township NJ and maintaining properties is easy, even after many recycling rounds.

It results from a quirk in aluminum’s chemistry, meaning it does not oxidize. It is also very pure, making it an excellent choice for recycled products.

The gathering of aluminum scraps is the first step in the recycling process. These include tin cans, foil, aluminum trays, and aluminum sheets.

Once the scraps are collected, they are sent to facilities that carry out the recycling process. These facilities will melt and purify the aluminum scraps before using them to produce new products.

It is a much more energy-efficient way to make aluminum than producing it from ore, which requires temperatures of 1,000 degrees Celsius and significant amounts of electricity. Additionally, using recycled aluminum to make a new product uses much less energy, saving both money and carbon emissions for businesses and consumers.


Steel is crucial in everything from pots and pans to bridges and vehicles. It is also one of the most recyclable materials, with 98% being reclaimable.

Recycling steel conserves various natural resources and reduces our greenhouse gas output. It takes 75% less energy to make recycled steel than to produce it from raw materials.

The first step in steel recycling is collecting scrap metal. 

After collecting your scrap, it must be sorted by specialized magnetic equipment to ensure that only recyclable items go to the recycling plant. The scrap is then melted in a furnace to purify it and cooled.

Next, break it down into smaller pieces. This process minimizes the size of the batch of scrap and saves space. Additionally, it is easier for the scrap to be melted, which means less energy is needed.


When mixed with other elements, a metal can form alloys. These alloys can have different properties than the original metal in its pure form.

Some of these alloys are used for corrosion resistance, extreme-temperature tolerance, and other essential properties in industrial applications. 

Alloys are complex and generally contain a dominant (primary) metal and a small percentage of other metals. Their compositions are designed to meet specific performance requirements in one or more ways, so the number of tested and marketed alloy compositions is enormous.

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