How to treat and protect the nails damaged by oncological therapies. Is it possible to maintain healthy nails during oncological therapies? How to cure nails after chemotherapy in a short time?
As with hair, cytotoxic drugs used in chemotherapy. And other oncological therapies, in particular, targeted therapies or biological therapies, can also damage the nails. Due to the slowing down of cell division induced by the chemotherapy treatment, the nails become more fragile, can furrow, grow more slowly become darker and fall apart. In some cases, they may even come to detach from the nail bed until they have a real onycholysis. So to the nail, the periungual skin (perionichium) also undergoes significant damage. In fact, inflammation can occur with redness and swelling that often combine with intense dryness that can lead to very painful fissures.
To protect the nails it is necessary to treat correctly by expert hands, using appropriate products for the cleansing of hands and feet and for the hydration. And nourishment of nails and periungual skin.
The nails, both hands, and feet, have great importance in our daily life, allow us to wear socks and shoes, to walk properly, to take objects or touch the reality that surrounds us. And show affection with simple caresses. Nails are important in ensuring a quality of life, just think of the pain and impediments that can cause periungueale fixation rather than a badly cut nail. The nails are exposed to various risks that can make them fragile, spoil. Or break them. Whether in hygiene. Or in the care that we personally make to our nails. Or in professional manicure and pedicure treatments. It is important to take into account the real needs of the nail in rebalancing the physiological conditions such as hydration, emolliency,
The superficial aspect of the nail is a mirror of a person’s state of health. In many cases, they indicate the presence of specific diseases or disorders that can affect them. And damage them visibly. The color, the presence of streaks. And its flaking can reveal, for example, nutritional deficits. And even be the spy of important diseases, such as psoriasis or melanoma.
During the therapies both chemotherapy. And targeted drugs (targeted therapy), there may be different nail disorders. For this reason, it is possible to take some precautions in the treatment of nails after chemotherapy that can reduce the discomfort. And make them gradually return to normal.
1. First of all, it is necessary to keep the nails of the correct length to avoid traumatizing the skin of the nail bed. If too short, or to break if too long. It is important to cure the hydration and elasticity of the entire nail with specific products, in this way they will be less prone to breakage. Do not remove the cuticles with sharp instruments to avoid damaging the skin of the perionichium (lateral cutaneous protection of the nail). And then expose yourself to a subsequent infection.
2. To treat nails after chemotherapy or during treatments, it is necessary to maintain the nail plate. And the skin hydrated and nourished, using emollient products based on vegetable oils, hyaluronic acid, and urea. It is important to always choose highly moisturizing. And dermo-affine products that can restore the skin barrier by protecting the hands. Nails from dryness, external aggression. And the side effects of the therapies. Exfoliating nail lotions should be avoided instead.
4. Apply non-semipermanent enamel is allowed during chemotherapy, only if the nail is not injured ie not present: raised from the nail bed (onicolisi), is not fragmented (onicoschizia), there is no tendency to the syndrome (ingrown toenail ), there are no fissures or inflammation of the perianthium skin.
5. Moreover, the nail is an important parameter to be evaluated during the oncology visit to check the possible cutaneous toxicity of the drugs. So it is important to remove the enamel easily without damaging the nail before the visit.
For the choice of colored glazes, it is important to prefer quality products that declare on the label to be free of toxic substances such as formaldehyde, toluene, phthalates, and camphor. For the removal of the enamel use solvents without acetone. Because they appear to be aggressive and would risk to further damage the nails, drying them and weakening them. To treat nails after chemotherapy it is important not to perform gel reconstructions, do not use semi-permanent glazes and do not apply false nails, since they favor the litter of bacteria becoming vehicles of potential infections.